Nice Science News article on Pot Rx

Discussion in 'Marijuana News' started by ICGreen, Sep 29, 2010.

  1. #1 ICGreen, Sep 29, 2010
    Last edited by a moderator: Sep 29, 2010
    My (weak) search did not show this as having been posted before; Hope it is not a repeat.
    From the June 19, 2010 edition of ScienceNews.
    The original article is here; Pics didn't copy over. :confused:
    Not Just A High - Science News

    Not just a high
    Scientists test medicinal marijuana against MS, inflammation and cancer
    By Nathan Seppa
    June 19th, 2010; Vol.177 #13 (p. 16)
    Not just a highCannabis compounds show their stuff against a host of medical problems, relieving symptoms far beyond pain and nausea. KatsgraphicsLV/iStockphoto

    In science’s struggle to keep up with life on the streets, smoking cannabis for medical purposes stands as Exhibit A.
    Medical use of cannabis has taken on momentum of its own, surging ahead of scientists’ ability to measure the drug’s benefits. The pace has been a little too quick for some, who see medicinal joints as a punch line, a ruse to free up access to a recreational drug.
    But while the medical marijuana movement has been generating political news, some researchers have been quietly moving in new directions — testing cannabis and its derivatives against a host of diseases. The scientific literature now brims with potential uses for cannabis that extend beyond its well-known abilities to fend off nausea and block pain in people with cancer and AIDS. Cannabis derivatives may combat multiple sclerosis, Crohn’s disease and other inflammatory conditions, the new research finds. Cannabis may even kill cancerous tumors.
    Many in the scientific community are now keen to see if this potential will be fulfilled, but they haven’t always been. Pharmacologist Roger Pertwee of the University of Aberdeen in Scotland recalls attending scientific conferences 30 years ago, eager to present his latest findings on the therapeutic effects of cannabis. It was a hard sell.
    “Our talks would be scheduled at the end of the day, and our posters would be stuck in the corner somewhere,” he says. “That’s all changed.”
    Underlying biology
    The long march to credibility for cannabis research has been built on molecular biology. Smoking or otherwise consuming marijuana — Latin name Cannabis sativa — has a medical history that dates back thousands of years. But the euphoria-inducing component of cannabis, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, wasn’t isolated until 1964, by biochemist Raphael Mechoulam, then of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, and his colleagues. Within two decades, other researchers had developed synthetic THC to use in pill form.
    The secrets of how THC worked in the body lay hidden until the late 1980s, when researchers working with rats found that the compound binds to a protein that pops up on the surface of nerve cells. Further tests showed that THC also hooks up with another protein found elsewhere in the body. These receptor proteins were dubbed CB1 and CB2.
    A bigger revelation came in 1992: Mammals make their own compound that binds to, and switches on, the CB1 receptor. Scientists named the compound anandamide. Researchers soon found its counterpart that binds mainly to the CB2 receptor, calling that one 2AG, for 2-arachidonyl glycerol. The body routinely makes these compounds, called endocannabinoids, and sends them into action as needed.
    “At that point, this became a very, very respectable field,” says Mechoulam, now at Hebrew University of Jerusalem, who along with Pertwee and others reported the anandamide discovery in Science. “THC just mimics the effects of these compounds in our bodies,” Mechoulam says. Although the receptors are abundant, anandamide and 2AG are short-acting compounds, so their effects are fleeting.
    In contrast, when a person consumes cannabis, a flood of THC molecules bind to thousands of CB1 and CB2 receptors, with longer-lasting effects. The binding triggers so many internal changes that, decades after the receptors’ discovery, scientists are still sorting out the effects. From a biological standpoint, smoking pot to get high is like starting up a semitruck just to listen to the radio. There’s a lot more going on.

    Hmm apparently too long for the entire article, please check the link above. This is a common magazine found in many libraries and schools, hopefully a lot of the general public will see it.
    Get the word out
  2. Great article!

    If you guys have the time, please read it. It is one of the most unbiased and fair articles on *new* MMJ research I've heard in a while. If it's not in Granny's list, it should be.

    Awesome find, OP. :hello:

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