I hate it when someone gets a little high and then solves one of the great problems of all time, now, i'm doing it. Oh well. Actually, it isn't just me and the idea has evolved over the past several days. So: The universe is expanding and in fact that expansion is accelerating. The proof is that if you look out 8 billion lightyears a galaxy that you see is red-shifted more than a galaxy that is only 4 billion light years out. A galaxy that is 13 billion light years out is moving away at prodigious speed nearing the speed of light. But wait ... If you look back in time 13 billion years, the galaxy you see is only a billion years from the big bang, so it stands to reason that it is hauling ass. If you look back only 8 billion years, the galaxy is moving slower and 4 billion years ago the galaxies are moving slower. If you look back only .5 billion years, the galaxy you see is not moving away much at all and of course the galaxies in our local group are not moving away at all. So where is the proof that the universe is expanding?