If this is wrong I hope Taoists (proper ones not like me- the newcommer who is still trying to find out about this) The main philiosophy behind Taoism (pronounced Da-wisem)is that everything has its own nature and its own way (Tao- Da-o- meaning the way or the nature) and it is when we try to hard or go against that nature generally we end up making a mess of things- this for me is the main principle of Taoism. Wu Wei is derrived from this. Wu Wei is letting things happen without trying too hard- going with the way and letting it go how it needs to. To answer your question (as I have not really done a good job in the last paragraph) Taoism is not really what I personally would call a religion, it's more of a philosophy. Taoism, for me, is not a religion that beleives in anything much- that would take too much effort . I think it is more of a freeform way of living- as with most things. It is what you make it and Taoism does not have a stance on things- the individual Taoist does. Second the whole knowledge thing. Generally Taoists think it should be knowledge if it is for a purpose or interest/curiosity and not for the sake or being knowledgeable. Cleverness- trying to solve problems in complex ways all the time is another thing that Taoism seems generally to, not reject but not really be in tune to. To put it another way: "Cleverness tries to figure out a way to put the square peg into the round hole and the round peg into the square hole. Knowledge tries to find out why the round peg will not fit in the square hole and the square peg will not fit into the round hole. Taoism just does it. It puts the round peg into the round hole and the square peg into the square hole." - that was my badly quoted benjamin hoff exerpt (but it did the job and I did not want to try to hard to be accurate thehehehe). I would reccomend "The Tao of Pooh" by Benjamin Hoff. ISBN#: 0-416-19526-1 It uses winnie the pooh books to talk about Taoism. It may sound like it's not the best example in the world but: "'(Winnie the Pooh)'s not about Taoism,' he said. 'Oh yes it is,' I said. 'No, it's not,' he said. 'What do you think it's about?' I said. 'It's about this dumpy little bear that wonders around asking silly questions, making up songs, and going through all kinds of adventures, without ever accumulating any major amount of intillectual knowledger or loosing his simple minded happiness. That's what it's about,' he said. 'Same thing,' I said." Peace Switch out.